FAQ:Linux

From Leurent
Jump to: navigation, search

Install

Install all my basic useful tools

Here is a command to install all the small tools that are quite useful

apt install vim screen zsh htop iftop iotop subversion git ndisc6 debian-goodies sipcalc pwgen lshw apt-file sudo lvm2 apticron vlan dnsutils whois ldap-utils apt-transport-https xfsprogs rsync

Multimedia

Be able to RIP DVDs with Handbrake

  1. Follow http://www.videolan.org/developers/libdvdcss.html to install libdvdcss
  2. Install and use Handbrake

Network

Setup IPv6

Install the dibbler client

apt install dibbler-client

Update the client-duid with the one gaven for IPv6 by your provider

root@cloud:[~]# cat /var/lib/dibbler/client-duid
XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX

Edit your /etc/dibbler/client.conf

# Defaults for dibbler-client.
# installed at /etc/dibbler/client.conf by the maintainer scripts
# DDUID is stored in /var/lib/dibbler/client-duid

# 8 (Debug) is most verbose. 7 (Info) is usually the best option
#log-level 7

# To perform stateless (i.e. options only) configuration, uncomment
# this line below and remove any "ia" keywords from interface definitions
# stateless

auth-protocol reconfigure-key
auth-replay monotonic
auth-methods digest-hmac-md5
duid-type duid-ll
inactive-mode
log-level 8

iface eth0 {
# ask for address
    #ia
    pd
}


Update /etc/network/interfaces with the address to use

iface eth0 inet6 static
         address 2001:bc8:1234:1234::1234
         netmask 64
         accept_ra 2

 System

MariaDB

apt install mysql-server mysql-client

NextCloud

Install Collabora Online

Please follow https://nextcloud.com/collaboraonline/

docker run -t -d -p 127.0.0.1:9980:9980 -e 'domain=www\\.leurent\\.eu\|www\\.leurent\\.ch\|www\\.baillet\\.ch\|www\\.wecxsteen\\.eu' --restart always --cap-add MKNOD collabora/code


Bind9

apt install bind9

Enable DNSSEC for a domain

https://kb.isc.org/docs/aa-00626 https://linux.die.net/man/1/dig https://www.isc.org/downloads/bind/dnssec/ https://ftp.isc.org/isc/dnssec-guide/dnssec-guide.pdf http://www.average.org/dnssec/dnssec-configuring-auto-signed-dynamic-zones.txt


  • Generate RSA keys to sign the Zone and RRs. Allow bind to read the private key to automatically sign
root@link:[~]# cd /etc/bind/keys
root@link:[/etc/../keys]# dnssec-keygen -K /etc/bind/keys leurent.eu
Generating key pair...+++++ ................................................................................................................+++++ 
Kleurent.eu.+005+65487
root@link:[/etc/../keys]# dnssec-keygen -f KSK -K /etc/bind/keys leurent.eu
Generating key pair....+++++ .....................+++++ 
Kleurent.eu.+005+36097
root@link:[/etc/../keys]# chmod g+r /etc/bind/keys/Kleurent.eu.*.private
  • Update your /etc/bind/named.conf.local zone
zone "leurent.eu" {
            ...
            ...
            # look for dnssec keys here:
            key-directory "/etc/bind/keys";

            # publish and activate dnssec keys:
            auto-dnssec maintain;

            # use inline signing:
            inline-signing yes;
};
  • Reload bind9
root@link:[~]# systemctl reload bind9.service                                                                                                23:22 Wed 27/02/2019
  • Once reloaded you should see an additional .signed version of the zone that will be automatically maintained
root@link:[/etc/../leurent]# ll
total 36K
-rw-r--r-- 1 bind bind  515 Apr 11  2017 7.e.7.3.8.c.b.0.1.0.0.2.ip6.arpa.db
-rw-r--r-- 1 bind bind 2.0K Feb 27 23:03 leurent.eu.db
-rw-r--r-- 1 bind bind  512 Feb 27 23:08 leurent.eu.db.jbk
-rw-r--r-- 1 bind bind  19K Feb 27 23:22 leurent.eu.db.signed
-rw-r--r-- 1 bind bind 1.8K Feb 27 23:08 leurent.eu.db.signed.jnl
  • Add the public key of your 257 (KSK) and 256 (ZSK)
  • Verify the the DS and DNSKEY are visible
MBP-de-Marc:~ marc$ dig +dnssec +short DS leurent.eu @8.8.8.8 
65487 5 2 92937B171A4B9156CC812C1ECD74973AD48DF03A4733FD6E401C28B9 61A8F27A
36097 5 2 85619198D6D6EEFE608F59ADC3D3EFECF86452CE1667460B800334B0 B7BEFFC4
DS 8 2 86400 20190306222103 20190227212103 27363 eu. mBn1LoJ/OcNwgLpOYhpG9fkjZPtDfUPcc4ub+JdI0891/vJ1TcbEU6NU nQJ1poXJwps6L7j9gxLqiDR8+mTiSTgCH5JGHPn4wAWU4JEyhlrT3t+t CeFS8voKo70czMY0+LorM7/AnqV68DqLsxkpYlT4t3coQpkgpdEuI2Ev tZ8=


MBP-de-Marc:~ marc$ dig +dnssec +short DNSKEY leurent.eu @8.8.8.8 
257 3 5 AwEAAbKf831QWrZcZqzDtbXcdpyBIHvGsnGp3G8HUZvNRQnqKb/tiDDa /8gRzlsO0mFlN1HfBZJlLUWuicj+uV2qjtwfdZkktzD10UkpbbIXKzfP pKx5H77tzcsCa+3x1jzoF5/c0nTi3gLJLxfOVbpZEf1r9KPgxPErzXIl dxl1fP59V3bRLgznNh0TA2t1/+cP4imXyL8LZp3y7NW2nR91ARegGznX 9b5+lCN4WR2vxTU+s3YIbtHNN9bVScC+w58dVNRN4AylniN4ofGnsUpH C/t2uA3rNsSUzBbMbmFJCx9v2+nEB8ki5KSBrrSy8UIvOLLiD527XD0F 8piFl0H9Ln0=
256 3 5 AwEAAeaymGqZKkBwMXSj90IWRVcIbGvlM3JhPdzTmYWeQJPyVGkqgihg IiT+R3ftJ0wRiUSNJSVmRIQYP3UnUUb9AV4ti5xStmAvWbGI+q9Poasg feK8ZghMKPkPTOsfmrNVXIYzOGzv6z5VEpXJG5e7Ho3gVFqXSQZDfwBb tFs/0y6L
DNSKEY 5 2 3600 20190329220145 20190227210145 36097 leurent.eu. W+MlbgrDHCgxHmPB4dLMyyXyDwDxGNiH2FnMDt06dr+vSJBwuVdxwvKo fbxehQRXi/lM0P+/RinWni5dWFhhyhSqQKZj/E+gjxEQEHCuMosGiNx7 LR1KaofLLpeYRo1xEf6YWcc5BjIkA+FB22bdfBVBLhPy9PL6qQO+TGjX rufhkEyaPfsLkXSPraAiAu7IPA+QgE2TbqalsxBHh7rS4g16z3C5yCk2 FaV9BL6W9Dua3Xwnf/xEhrq+befqCPCFl97nhKbBlvXYiZEoqY5jAugS cKTQfNTxPSzmnewKmb6PKmiI2w178gldIA9J+TbyzvMqpCF+AfgAFACw /5PaVA==
DNSKEY 5 2 3600 20190329220145 20190227210145 65487 leurent.eu. w8AAJG/p0pHZE1TRiRN8dPz/b4eUZexQRuJJ8Zdx9QMLWlkc2fo/Dm/a CrLGbpTALBEG0oAAMg7A4qH+pp/LPSwf3QcgfrMF3bo7gb+lqKGCoX6+ JU2t5vJDcNkvl2NgxohVgwS/k4+Z8+xloYqKc9FtisCujHO2n22Z45ez Cxc=

Certbot : Manage LetsEncrypt Certificate


Install certbot > 0.22 to get wildcard support

root@tidus:[~]# apt install certbot python-certbot-apache python3-certbot-dns-rfc2136


root@link:[~/LETSENCRYPT]# dnssec-keygen -a HMAC-SHA512 -b 512 -n HOST acme-challenge


Create a new cert for leurent.eu + *.leurent.eu

  • Method using DNS to authenticate
root@link:[~]# certbot -d leurent.eu -d "*.leurent.eu" certonly --dns-rfc2136 --dns-rfc2136-credentials ~/.secrets/certbot/rfc2136.ini --dns-rfc2136-propagation-seconds 10


Create a new cert for leurent.ch using webroot folder

  • Method creating a file in the web folder
root@tidus:[~]# certbot --authenticator webroot --installer apache --webroot-path /home/web/www.leurent.ch -d leurent.ch -d www.leurent.ch


Force Renewal

root@tidus:[~]# certbot renew --force-renewal

GeoIP

Apache + GeoIP

  • Install the needed packages ( NB: You need the contrib repo enabled )
apt install libapache2-mod-geoip geoip-bin geoip-database-contrib
  • Here is an extract of /etc/apache2/conf-enabled/cacti.conf to enable GeoIP Restriction
/etc/apache2/conf-enabled/cacti.conf
Alias /cacti /usr/share/cacti/site

# Enable Geoip Module
GeoIPEnable On
GeoIPDBFile /usr/share/GeoIP/GeoIP.dat IndexCache
GeoIPDBFile /usr/share/GeoIP/GeoIPv6.dat IndexCache
# Allow only connection from Switzerland or France
SetEnvIf GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE FR AllowCountry_cacti
SetEnvIf GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE_V6 FR AllowCountry_cacti
SetEnvIf GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE CH AllowCountry_cacti
SetEnvIf GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE_V6 CH AllowCountry_cacti
<Directory /usr/share/cacti/site>
        Options +FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride None
        <IfVersion >= 2.3>
                Require env AllowCountry_cacti
                #Require all granted
        </IfVersion> 
        <IfVersion < 2.3>
                Order Allow,Deny
                Allow from env=AllowCountry_cacti
        </IfVersion>

        AddType application/x-httpd-php .php

        <IfModule mod_php5.c>
                php_flag magic_quotes_gpc Off
                php_flag short_open_tag On
                php_flag register_globals Off
                php_flag register_argc_argv On
                php_flag track_vars On
                # this setting is necessary for some locales
                php_value mbstring.func_overload 0
                php_value include_path .
        </IfModule>

        DirectoryIndex index.php
</Directory>

Iptables + GeoIP

  • Install the needed packages
apt install xtables-addons-dkms libtext-csv-xs-perl libnet-cidr-lite-perl
  • Get the /usr/lib/xtables-addons/xt_geoip_dl and /usr/lib/xtables-addons/xt_geoip_build of xtables-addons 3.2


  • Here is the cron file I use to download and format everything : /etc/cron.monthly/geoip
#/bin/bash

# apt install libnet-cidr-lite-perl libtext-csv-xs-perl

# Create Archives folder
XTGEOIP=/usr/share/xt_geoip/
cd $XTGEOIP

# Download Last Version of GeoLite2-Country
/usr/lib/xtables-addons/xt_geoip_dl

# build copy GeoLite2 Country Databases
cd $XTGEOIP/GeoLite2-Country-CSV_*
/usr/lib/xtables-addons/xt_geoip_build -D $XTGEOIP $XTGEOIP/GeoLite2-Country-CSV_*/*.csv

# remove download GeoLite2 Country Database
rm $XTGEOIP/GeoLite2-Country-CSV_* -rf


SpamAssassin + GeoIP

apt install libgeo-ip-perl

Kibana + Elasticsearch + Logstash: Log Analyser

Kibana is a really powerful log analyser ( big data gathering and analyse )

wget -qO - https://artifacts.elastic.co/GPG-KEY-elasticsearch | sudo apt-key add -
echo "deb https://artifacts.elastic.co/packages/6.x/apt stable main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/elastic-6.x.list
echo "deb [arch=amd64] https://packages.elastic.co/curator/5/debian9 stable main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/curator.list
apt update
apt install kibana elasticsearch elasticsearch-curator python-elasticsearch logstash 

systemctl enable logstash.service
systemctl enable elasticsearch.service
systemctl enable kibana.service

systemctl start logstash.service
systemctl start elasticsearch.service
systemctl start kibana.service

LDAP user backend

  • Install slapd
apt install slapd
dpkg-reconfigure slapd
  • Restore backup ( delete 2 first entries before )
(SCREEN):root@tidus:[~]# slapadd < slapcat_20161002.ldiff
-#################### 100.00% eta   none elapsed                 spd  25.7 k/s 
Closing DB...
  • Install libpam-ldap and libnss-ldap
apt install libnss-ldap libpam-ldap
  • Update /etc/nsswitch.conf to add ldap
 --- /etc/nsswitch.conf.old      2016-10-02 15:48:45.655784710 +0200
 +++ /etc/nsswitch.conf  2016-10-02 15:41:07.844051229 +0200
 @@ -4,9 +4,9 @@
  # If you have the `glibc-doc-reference' and `info' packages installed, try:
  # `info libc "Name Service Switch"' for information about this file.
  
 -passwd:         compat
 -group:          compat
 -shadow:         compat
 +passwd:         compat ldap
 +group:          compat ldap
 +shadow:         compat ldap
  gshadow:        files
  
  hosts:          files dns

Install Phpldapadmin

  1. Verify if it is available in a backport
apt install phpldapadmin php-xml
  1. Disable anonymous-read


Netflow

opkg install softflowd
softflowctl expire-all


 Mail Platform

apt install postfix spamassassin postfix-policyd-spf-python
apt install dovecot-imapd dovecot-managesieved dovecot-pop3d dovecot-sieve
apt install roundcube roundcube-mysql roundcube-plugins php-zip php-net-sieve
Update innodb_log_file_size=2024MB for the attachement upload